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:: Volume 8, Issue 4 (Int J Mol Cell Med 2019) ::
Int J Mol Cell Med 2019, 8(4): 258-270 Back to browse issues page
Utilization of Whole Exome Sequencing in Lethal Form of Multiple Pterygium Syndrome: Identification of Mutations in Embryonal Subunit of Acetylcholine Receptor
Tahere Nazari1, Ali Rashidi-Nezhad2, Maziar Ganji3, Zahra Rezaei1, Saeed Talebi4, Nasrin Ghasemi5, Javad Tavakkoly Bazzaz 6
1- Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran,Iran.
4- Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Abortion Research Centre, Reproductive Sciences Institute, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
6- Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , tavakkolybazzazj@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (315 Views)
The acetylcholine receptor (AChR) is a member of the superfamily of transmitter-gated ion channels having a critical role in controlling electrical signals between nerves and muscle cells. Disruptive mutations in genes encoding different subunits of AChR result in multiple pterygium syndrome (MPS), which can be associated with a severe prenatally lethal presentation. This study aimed to investigate the etiology of lethal MPS (LMPS) in two consanguineous families with a history of miscarriages. DNA was extracted from a tissue sample of two aborted fetuses (probands) from two different families with a history of spontaneous miscarriages. Parental peripheral blood samples were collected for confirmatory analysis and follow-up testing. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed on DNA from the probands. The results were confirmed and segregated by Sanger sequencing. Moreover, protein structure evaluations were accomplished. We identified a homozygous frameshift mutation of c.753_754delCT (p.V253fs*44) and a homozygous missense mutation of c.715C>T (p.Arg239Cys) in the CHRNG gene. Both aborted fetuses had pterygium, severe arthrogryposis, and fetal hydrops with cystic hygroma, being compatible with LMPS. The heterozygous state was confirmed in parents for both CHRNG variants. Likewise, CHRNG mutation was predicted to display the damaging effects by lowering the number of helixes and modifying the surface electrostatic potential. The present study identified rare sequence variants in the CHRNG gene in aborted fetuses from consanguineous couples with recurrent miscarriage history. WES is a comprehensive and cost-effective approach to study heterogeneous diseases including MPS. Such findings can improve our knowledge of MPS databases, particularly for genetic counseling of high-risk families and preimplantation genetic diagnosis.
Keywords: Multiple pterygium syndromes, whole-exome sequencing, CHRNG, recurrent abortion
Full-Text [PDF 564 kb]   (35 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Genetics & Disease
Received: 2019/11/5 | Accepted: 2020/02/22 | Published: 2020/05/29
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Nazari T, Rashidi-Nezhad A, Ganji M, Rezaei Z, Talebi S, Ghasemi N et al . Utilization of Whole Exome Sequencing in Lethal Form of Multiple Pterygium Syndrome: Identification of Mutations in Embryonal Subunit of Acetylcholine Receptor. Int J Mol Cell Med. 2019; 8 (4) :258-270
URL: http://ijmcmed.org/article-1-1198-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 4 (Int J Mol Cell Med 2019) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Molecular and Cellular Medicine (IJMCM) International Journal of Molecular and Cellular Medicine (IJMCM)
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