:: دوره 7، شماره 2 - ( 2-1397 ) ::
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Potential Use of Amniotic Membrane Derived Scaffold for Cerebrospinal Fluid Applications
:   (2267 مشاهده)
Scaffolds derived from decellularized tissues provide a natural microenvironment for cell culture. Embryonic cerebrospinal fluid (e-CSF) contains factors which play vital roles in development of the nervous system. This research was aimed to survey the effect of Wistar rat e-CSF on neural differentiation of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) cultured on the human amniotic membrane (AM). BM-MSCs were collected from femurs and tibias, and were cultured in Dulbeccochr('39')s Modified Eaglechr('39')s Medium. The placenta was harvested from healthy women during cesarean section and AM was acellularized using EDTA and physical scrubbing. e-CSF was harvested from rat fetuses at E17. Adequate numbers of BM-MSCs were cultured on acellularized membrane, and were treated with E17 CSF for 7 days. MTT (3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2.5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay confirmed the survival and proliferation of BM-MSCs cultured on AM derived scaffold. Hematoxylin/eosin staining and scanning electron microscopy showed the morphological and the structural changes of BM-MSCs throughout the culture and treatment with e-CSF. The results of immunocytochemistry showed that microtubule associated protein 2 and beta-III tubulin were expressed in BM-MSCs cultured on acellular amnion scaffold and treated with e-CSF. Our results showed for the first time that the combination of acellular AM as a natural scaffold and e-CSF as a source of neurological factors could effectively improve the BM-MSCs cultivation and differentiation.
متن کامل [PDF 517 kb]   (564 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: Original Article | موضوع مقاله: Stem Cell
دریافت: 1397/1/19 | پذیرش: 1397/5/23 | انتشار: 1397/6/20



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دوره 7، شماره 2 - ( 2-1397 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها