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Factors Influencing Mitochondrial Function as a Key Mediator of Glucose-Induced Insulin Release: Highlighting Nicotinamide Nucleotide Transhydrogenase
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Pancreatic β-cells recognize blood glucose changes and release insulin that is a peptide hormone responsible for stable glycemia. Diabetes, a chronic disorder of insulin insufficiency, leads to disturbed glucose homeostasis and multi-organ problems. Glucose and insulin are key markers in the follow-up and control of this disease. Mitochondrial metabolism of pancreatic beta cells is a crucial part of glucose-stimulated cascade of insulin secretion. Effective factors on β-cells mitochondrial function in production of compounds such as tricarboxylic acid intermediates, glutamate, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, and reactive oxygen species can have great effects on the secretion of insulin under diabetes. This review enhances our knowledge of factors influencing mitochondrial function as a key mediator of glucose-induced insulin release that accordingly will be helpful to further our understanding of the mechanisms implicated in the progressive beta cell failure that results in diabetes.
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نوع مطالعه: Review | موضوع مقاله: Clinical Biochemistry
دریافت: 1398/10/13 | پذیرش: 1399/5/14 | انتشار: 1399/4/10
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Aghelan Z, Kiani S, Nasiri A, Sadeghi M, Farrokhi A, Khodarahmi R. Factors Influencing Mitochondrial Function as a Key Mediator of Glucose-Induced Insulin Release: Highlighting Nicotinamide Nucleotide Transhydrogenase. Int J Mol Cell Med. 2020; 9 (2) :107-121
URL: http://ijmcmed.org/article-1-1227-fa.html

Factors Influencing Mitochondrial Function as a Key Mediator of Glucose-Induced Insulin Release: Highlighting Nicotinamide Nucleotide Transhydrogenase. مجله بین المللی سلولی و مولکولی. 1399; 9 (2) :121-107

URL: http://ijmcmed.org/article-1-1227-fa.html



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دوره 9، شماره 2 - ( 3-1399 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
International Journal of Molecular and Cellular Medicine (IJMCM) International Journal of Molecular and Cellular Medicine (IJMCM)
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