:: Volume 6, Number 2 (Int J Mol Cell Med 2017) ::
Int J Mol Cell Med 2017, 6(2): 66-76 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Probiotics in Cancer Treatment: Emphasis on their In Vivo and In Vitro Anti-metastatic Effects
Elahe Motevaseli1, Ali Dianatpour2, Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard *3
1- Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , s.ghafourifard@sbmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (497 Views)

Probiotics are defined as live bacteria and yeasts that exert beneficial effects for health. Among their various effects, anti-cancer properties have been highlighted in recent years. Such effects include suppression of the growth of microbiota implicated in the production of mutagens and carcinogens, alteration in carcinogen metabolism and protection of DNA from oxidative damage as well as regulation of immune system. We performed a computerized search of the MEDLINE/PUBMED databases with keywords: cancer, probiotics, lactobacilli, metastasis, and invasion. Cell line studies as well as animal models and human studies have shown the therapeutic effects of probiotics in reduction of invasion and metastasis in cancer cells. These results support the beneficial effects of probiotics both in vitro and in vivo. However, pre-clinical or clinical studies are not enough to decide about their application.

Keywords: probiotics, lactobacilli, cancer, metastasis, invasion
Full-Text [PDF 571 kb]   (246 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: Genomics & Proteomics and Medical Biotechnology
Received: 2017/01/31 | Accepted: 2017/03/21 | Published: 2017/05/31



DOI: 10.22088/acadpub.BUMS.6.2.1


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