:: Volume 6, Number 1 (Int J Mol Cell Med 2017) ::
Int J Mol Cell Med 2017, 6(1): 56-60 Back to browse issues page
Torque Teno Virus (TTV) Among β-Thalassemia and Haemodialysis Patients from Mazandaran Province (North of Iran)
Hossein Jalali1, Mohammad Reza Mahdavi *2, Najmeh Zaeromali3
1- Students Research Committee, Thalassemia Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran., Students Research Committee, Thalassemia Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
2- Thalassemia Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran., Thalassemia Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. , Mahdavi899@gmail.com
3- Department of Bacteriology and Virology, Shiraz Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran., Department of Bacteriology and Virology, Shiraz Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Abstract:   (641 Views)

Torque Teno virus (TTV) is a transfusion transmitted virus that seems to be involved in several complications such as acute respiratory diseases, liver diseases, AIDS, cancer, and autoimmune reactions.  In the present study the frequency of TTV was investigated among β- thalassemia (BT) and haemodialysis (HD) patients (high risk patients for TTV) in Mazandaran province, Iran. DNA was extracted from the serum of 82 BT and 100 HD patients, and nested PCR method was applied to detect TTV DNA. The aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) enzyme levels in BT patients were measured using photometric assay.  The mean ages of BT and HD patients were 23.4± 5.4 and 48.8 ± 8.2 years, respectively.  21% of HD, and 26.8% of BT patients were infected with TTV, respectively. The frequency of TTV was not significantly different between two groups of patients and there was no significant correlation between sex and TTV infection.   The mean AST and ALT levels in TTV positive BT patients was not significantly higher than TTV negative cases. The present study showed that TTV prevalence in BT patients with recurrent blood transfusion was not significantly higher than HD patients. The investigation of TTV prevalence in healthy individuals is recommended to identify if transfusion or dialysis is associated with higher TTV infection. Besides, although TTV infection did not change AST and ALT enzymes in BT patients, the liver involvement may still exist in these patients.

Keywords: Torque Teno virus (TTV), β-thalassemia, haemodialysis
Full-Text [PDF 379 kb]   (212 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Short Communication | Subject: Infectious disease (Molecular and Cellular aspects)
Received: 2016/12/14 | Accepted: 2017/02/13 | Published: 2017/02/28



DOI: 10.22088/acadpub.BUMS.6.1.56


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Volume 6, Number 1 (Int J Mol Cell Med 2017) Back to browse issues page