:: دوره 11، شماره 2 - ( 9-1401 ) ::
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Special Considerations on Insulin Resistance Induced Hyperandrogenemia in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Prominent COVID-19 Risk Factor
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Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infecting mechanism depends on hosting angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2) as essential components and androgens as regulators for inducing the expression of these components. Therefore, hyperandrogenism-related disease such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in insulin resistant women in reproductive-age is a high-risk factor for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here, we describe the signaling pathways that might increase the susceptibility and severity of this new pandemic in PCOS women with insulin resistance (IR). Luteinizing hormone and insulin increase the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection in these patients via induction of steroidogenic enzymes expression through cAMP-response element binding protein and Forkhead box protein O1 (FOXO1), respectively. TMPRSS2 expression is activated through phosphorylation of FOXO1 in ovaries. In other words, SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with temporary IR by affecting ACE2 and disturbing β-pancreatic function. Therefore, PCOS, IR, and SARS-CoV-2 infection are three corners of the triangle that have complicated relations, and their association might increase the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and severity.
 
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نوع مطالعه: Review | موضوع مقاله: Infectious disease (Molecular and Cellular aspects)
دریافت: 1401/1/16 | پذیرش: 1401/8/18 | انتشار: 1401/8/18



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دوره 11، شماره 2 - ( 9-1401 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها