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:: Volume 2, Number 3 (Int J Mol Cell Med 2013) ::
Int J Mol Cell Med 2013, 2(3): 110-117 Back to browse issues page
A Comparison between Anti-bacterial Activity of Propolis and Aloe vera on Enterococcus faecalis (an In Vitro Study)
Maryam Ehsani1, Mahmood Amin Marashi2, Ebrahim Zabihi *3, Maryam Issazadeh1, Soraya Khafri4
1- Dental Materials Research Center, School of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
2- Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
3- Cellular and Molecular Biology Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran. , e.zabihi@mubabol.ac.ir
4- Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
Abstract:   (16563 Views)
Removing the bacteria, including Enterococcus faecalis, from the root canal is one of the important aims in endodontic treatment.We aimed to compare the antibacterial activity of Chlorhexidine with two natural drugs. The antibacterial activities of three different propolis extracts (alcohol concentrations: 0, 15, 40%) and Aloe vera gel on E. faecalis were compared using three methods: disk diffusion, microdilution and direct contact test. In addition to the above bacterium, the Aloe vera gel effect on Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans was evaluated. Disk diffusion test revealed that propolis ethanolic extracts (the alcohol concentration of 15 and 40%) and Aloe vera gel have antibacterial activities but aqueous extract of propolis did not show any effect in this test. The MICs for propolis ethanolic extracts, Aloe vera gel and aqueous extract of propolis (0% alcohol) were 313 µg/ml, 750 µg/ml, 2250 µg/ml, and ≥ 500 µg/ml respectively, much higher than the Chlorhexidine one. In direct contact test, contrary to Aloe vera, all three propolis extracts showed antibacterial effects on E. faecalis. The Aloe vera gel also showed significant antibacterial effect on S.aureus and S.mutans. The hydroalcoholic extracts of propolis and Aloe vera gel had antibacterial effects on E. faecalis, however, propolis is more potent than Aloe vera. The antibacterial effect of Aloe vera on S. aureus and S. mutans is low (MIC ≥ 2250 µg/ml). Appropriate concentrations of alcoholic extracts of propolis and some fractions of Aloe vera gel might be good choices for disinfecting the root canal in endodontic treatments.
Keywords: Chlorhexidine, root canal, antiseptic, S. aureus, S. mutans
Full-Text [PDF 155 kb]   (1825 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Infectious disease (Molecular and Cellular aspects)
Received: 2013/07/28 | Accepted: 2013/09/30 | Published: 2013/09/30
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Ehsani M, Marashi M A, Zabihi E, Issazadeh M, Khafri S. A Comparison between Anti-bacterial Activity of Propolis and Aloe vera on Enterococcus faecalis (an In Vitro Study). Int J Mol Cell Med. 2013; 2 (3) :110-117
URL: http://ijmcmed.org/article-1-99-en.html
Volume 2, Number 3 (Int J Mol Cell Med 2013) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Molecular and Cellular Medicine (IJMCM) International Journal of Molecular and Cellular Medicine (IJMCM)
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